"Old person", "Senior", everyone uses these terms. But from what age can someone be considered in this category? What characterizes this age group? And above all, what are the real physical and psychological consequences on the person entering this part of his life?
It should be known that currently, in France, people aged 60 and over are more than 15 million. They will be 20 million in 2030 and nearly 24 million in 2060. The number of over 85 will increase from 1.4 million today to 5 million in 2060.
Women represent 57% of seniors. This can be explained by the fact that they currently have a higher life expectancy than men.
According to WHO, a person is considered to be senior from the age of 60.
Arrived at this stage of his life, a person will see changes appear that will make it little by little dependent.
More vulnerable, the older person is subjected little by little to the loss of autonomy which can be translated by several pathologies such as:
- Loss of balance : With age, a senior loses his flexibility and muscle strength which often results in a certain loss of balance. The main danger is the fall, which often ends in fracture.
- Memory problems : memory deteriorates with age and can lead to risks if the person forgets to take his medication or if he forgets a pan on the fire for example.
- A change in eating habits : A loss of appetite occurs with old age because the body becomes slower. There is also a loss of taste that can lead the older person to feed less or less well, which is dangerous for his health.
- A decrease in hygiene : It becomes more difficult for a senior to do household chores, which can be explained by joint pains and muscle weakness that they may feel. This can cause a decrease in the daily toilet.
- Social isolation : tiredness, accumulated to difficulties to move, causes a decline in the will to leave home. The elderly person may then gradually move away from any social bond.
In France, by 2050, 2.2 million people will be in a situation of loss of autonomy against 1.3 million in 2017.
THE MANAGEMENT OF SENIORS
In 2014, nearly 30 billion euros were spent on the care of the loss of autonomy, including 80% of public expenditure.
Then came the law on the adaptation of society to aging, promulgated on December 28, 2015, to build a society where everyone can grow old.
Currently, more than one million elderly people benefit from the personalized allowance of autonomy (APA and more than 760 000 benefit at home, or 60% of them).
People over 85 are 21% to live in nursing homes. There are 7573 nursing homes that welcome more than 608000 residents every year.
The places available in old people's homes are not enough, it's a phenomenon that will worsen over the years. That's why more and more people are turning to home support solutions.
For more information on our solutions against the loss of autonomy in order to age well at home, discover our solutions for home support: https://www.absmarthealth.com/packs/